Prevalence of the bone infection osteomyelitis (OM) has increased along with the increased prevalence of diabetes. It is estimated that OM is a complication for at least 10% of diabetic foot ulcers and approximately 50% of severe cases. Delays in the diagnosis and treatment of OM can lead to poor patient outcomes and high healthcare costs. However, an accurate and timely diagnosis of OM is hindered by a lack of clear guidelines for histopathological assessment. Therefore, researchers from Baylor Scott & White Research Institute, along with their collaborators, have created a new diagnostic framework for OM.