Search results for: Baylor Scott & White Research Institute

Lipoprotein (a): new patient-centered recommendations for evaluating the risk of heart disease

Lipoprotein (a), also known as Lp(a), has been long suspected to be an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Some studies have estimated that 20% of the Caucasian U.S. population may have increased CVD risk due to elevated plasma Lp(a) levels. However, until recently, a lack of robust assays to measure Lp(a) levels has prevented scientific consensus on the nature of Lp(a)-associated risk.

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Pathology preparedness and a scalable pandemic response

The 2020 COVID-19 pandemic associated with the novel SARS-CoV-2 virus has required an unprecedented mobilization of resources worldwide. One of the cornerstones to pandemic response is rapid initiation of widespread testing. To meet this need, physicians and researchers at Baylor Scott & White Research Institute were quick to establish reliable testing for SARS-CoV-2 virus, and their experience can serve as a guide for the response to future novel infectious diseases.

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Baylor Scott & White researchers link allergy and achalasia

Achalasia is a serious motility disorder of the esophagus that impacts more than 5,000 people in the US each year. Patients with achalasia experience damage to muscle and nerve cells in the esophagus, resulting in a loss of the peristaltic activity that normally pushes food through the esophagus into the stomach, and failure of the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) to relax with swallowing, which further blocks the transit of food. Thus, achalasia patients experience severe swallowing difficulty that adversely impacts their quality of life. Because the etiology of achalasia is not known, current therapies do not cure the disease and only address its symptoms. Exciting new research from Baylor Scott & White Research Institute (BSWRI) shows that LES muscle in achalasia exhibits profound mast cell degranulation, a hallmark of allergy-induced inflammation. This work adds support to the novel hypothesis developed by BSWRI researchers that achalasia might be an allergic disorder.  

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