Search results for: Gastroenterology

Research from Baylor Scott & White featured in updated gastroesophageal reflux disease clinical guidelines

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is estimated to affect nearly 20% of Americans. Recent advances in our understanding of GERD have changed clinical practice. Therefore, in February 2022, the American College of Gastroenterology (ACG) released an updated set of guidelines for the diagnosis and management of GERD. Research from Baylor University Medical Center (Baylor Dallas), part of Baylor Scott & White Health, helped shape these new practice guidelines.

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How do we improve patient outcomes with translational research? By educating our future.

From Bench (to Post-graduate Practitioners) to Bedside

Translational research brings new findings from bench to bedside to expedite improvement in patient outcomes. Baylor Scott & White Research Institute (BSWRI) also brings these findings to lecture halls and conferences to ensure postgraduates are well-informed of the latest findings and “best clinical practices” in their disease specialty.

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Baylor Scott & White researchers link allergy and achalasia

Achalasia is a serious motility disorder of the esophagus that impacts more than 5,000 people in the US each year. Patients with achalasia experience damage to muscle and nerve cells in the esophagus, resulting in a loss of the peristaltic activity that normally pushes food through the esophagus into the stomach, and failure of the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) to relax with swallowing, which further blocks the transit of food. Thus, achalasia patients experience severe swallowing difficulty that adversely impacts their quality of life. Because the etiology of achalasia is not known, current therapies do not cure the disease and only address its symptoms. Exciting new research from Baylor Scott & White Research Institute (BSWRI) shows that LES muscle in achalasia exhibits profound mast cell degranulation, a hallmark of allergy-induced inflammation. This work adds support to the novel hypothesis developed by BSWRI researchers that achalasia might be an allergic disorder.  

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BSWRI identifies new molecular pathway linking the tumor microenvironment and pancreatic adenocarcinoma

Tumorigenesis is a complex process regulated by multiple factors in the cancer cells and the surrounding tumor microenvironment. Because the microenvironment can accelerate tumor growth and contribute to therapeutic resistance, there is great interest in developing cancer therapeutics that directly target the microenvironment. Pancreatic adenocarcinoma is an important example of an aggressive and deadly cancer supported by an abundant microenvironment of non-malignant cells. Chemotherapies and targeted therapies only have modest efficacy against pancreatic adenocarcinoma, leading to an overall 5-year survival rate of 9%, and the microenvironment is thought to contribute to this drug resistance. Thus, the pancreatic tumor microenvironment is under active investigation as a source of new possibilities for therapeutic development.

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